How Antacid & Anti – Ulcerant work in body?
Antacids and anti-ulcerants work in different ways to help reduce symptoms of heartburn and ulcers.
Antacids work by neutralizing the acid in the stomach, reducing the amount of acid that can reflux into the esophagus and cause heartburn. They contain substances like magnesium or aluminum hydroxide, which react with stomach acid to produce salts that can be easily excreted by the kidneys. Antacids provide temporary relief for mild symptoms of heartburn but are not effective at healing ulcers.
Anti-ulcerants like proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) and H2 blockers work by reducing the amount of acid produced in the stomach. H2 blockers inhibit histamine, which stimulates acid production, while PPIs block the enzyme that produces acid. By reducing the amount of acid in the stomach, these medications help to promote healing of ulcers caused by excessive acid.
It’s important to note that these medications can have side effects and should only be used under the guidance of a healthcare provider. It’s also important to explore the underlying causes of heartburn or ulcers, such as lifestyle factors, stress, or infections, and address those factors as part of a comprehensive treatment plan.